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Pharmacy

Barbiturates are a class of medications that depress the central nervous system (CNS). They produce a calming and sedative effect.

Abacavir
Acamprosate
Acarbose
Acebutolol
Acetaminophen
Acetazolamide
Acitretin
Acyclovir
Adapalene
Adefovir
Albendazole
Albuterol
Alendronate
Alfuzosin
Alprazolam
Aluminum Hydroxide
Alvimopan
Amantadine
Ambrisentan
Amifostine Injection
Amikacin Injection
Amlodipine
Amoxapine
Amoxicillin
Amphetamine
Anthrax Vaccine
Aripiprazole
Armodafinil
Aspirin
Atovaquone
Atropine Ophthalmic
Auranofin
Avacopan
Azelaic Acid Topical
Azelastine Nasal Spray
Azilsartan
Aztreonam Injection
Bacitracin Topical
Balsalazide
Barium Sulfate
Bedaquiline
Bempedoic Acid
Benazepril
Benznidazole
Benztropine
Benzyl Alcohol Topical
Bethanechol
Betrixaban
Bisacodyl
Bismuth
Bismuth Subsalicylate
Bisoprolol
Bleomycin
Brexpiprazole
Brinzolamide Ophthalmic
Bromocriptine
Brompheniramine
Budesonide Nasal Spray
Buspirone
Busulfan Injection
Busulfan
Butabarbital
Butoconazole Vaginal Cream
Cabazitaxel Injection
Cabergoline
Calcium Carbonate
Canagliflozin
Canakinumab Injection
Candesartan
Cannabidiol
Carboplatin Injection
Carisoprodol
Carmustine Implant
Carvedilol
Cefixime
Cefpodoxime
Cetirizine
Cetuximab Injection
Cevimeline
Chloral Hydrate
Chlorambucil
Chloroquine
Chlorothiazide
Chlorpheniramine
Chlorpromazine
Chlorpropamide
Chlorthalidone
Chlorzoxazone
Cholera Vaccine
Cilostazol
Cimetidine
Cinacalcet
Citalopram
Cladribine Injection
Cladribine
Clarithromycin
Clemastine
Clindamycin
Clioquinol Topical
Clobazam
Clobetasol Topical
Clomiphene
Clomipramine
Clonazepam
Clonidine
Clopidogrel
Clotrimazole Lozenge
Clozapine
Cobicistat
Cobimetinib
Codeine
Colchicine
Colesevelam
Colestipol
Cromolyn Ophthalmic
Cyclosporine
Cyproheptadine
> Cytarabine
Dabrafenib
Dacarbazine
Daclatasvir
Dactinomycin
Dalfampridine
Dalteparin Injection
Danazol
Dantrolene
Dapagliflozin
Dapsone
Daptomycin Injection
Darunavir
Darunavir and Cobicistat
Darunavir
Dasiglucagon Injection
Delafloxacin Injection
Delavirdine
Demeclocycline
Denosumab Injection
Desipramine
Desloratadine
Desmopressin Nasal
Desmopressin
Desonide Topical
Desoximetasone Topical
Desvenlafaxine
Dexamethasone Injection
Dexamethasone Ophthalmic
Dexamethasone
Dexlansoprazole
Dexmethylphenidate
Dextroamphetamine
Diclofenac
Dicloxacillin
Dicyclomine
Didanosine
Diethylpropion
Difelikefalin Injection
Diflorasone Topical
Diflunisal
Difluprednate Ophthalmic
Digoxin
Dihydroergotamine Injection
Diltiazem
Dimenhydrinate
Dimethyl Fumarate
Dinoprostone
Diphenhydramine Injection
Diphenhydramine
Diphenoxylate
Diphtheria
Dipivefrin Ophthalmic
Dipyridamole
Disopyramide
Disulfiram
Docetaxel Injection
Dofetilide
Donepezil
Doravirine
Dornase Alfa
Doxazosin
Doxepin (Insomnia)
Doxepin Topical
Doxercalciferol
Doxorubicin
Doxycycline Injection
Doxycycline
Doxylamine
Dronabinol
Dronedarone
Droxidopa
Dulaglutide Injection
Duloxetine
Durvalumab Injection
Dutasteride
Duvelisib
Econazole Topical
Edaravone Injection
Edaravone Oral
Edoxaban
Efavirenz
Eflornithine
Elagolix
Eletriptan
Elexacaftor
Eliglustat
Elotuzumab Injection
Eltrombopag
Elvitegravir
Enasidenib
Encorafenib
Entecavir
Entrectinib
Enzalutamide
Epinastine Ophthalmic
Eplerenone
Epoetin Alfa
Epoprostenol
Eprosartan
Eravacycline Injection
Erdafitinib
Ertugliflozin
Erythromycin
Escitalopram
Esketamine Nasal Spray
Eslicarbazepine
Esomeprazole Injection
Esomeprazole
Estazolam
Estradiol Topical
Eszopiclone
Etanercept Injection
Etelcalcetide Injection
Ethacrynic Acid
Ethambutol
Ethosuximide
Etidronate
Etodolac
Etoposide Injection
Etravirine
Everolimus
Exemestane
Ezetimibe
Ezogabine
Famciclovir
Famotidine Injection
Famotidine
Fedratinib
Felodipine
Fenfluramine
Fenofibrate
Fenoprofen
Fentanyl Nasal Spray
Fidaxomicin
Filgrastim Injection
Finasteride
Finerenone
Fingolimod
Flavoxate
Flecainide
Flibanserin
Floxuridine
Fludarabine Injection
Fluoride
Fluorouracil Injection
Fluorouracil Topical
Fluoxetine
Fluoxymesterone
Fluphenazine
Flurandrenolide Topical
Flurazepam
Flurbiprofen Ophthalmic
Flutamide
Folic Acid
Fondaparinux Injection
Fosamprenavir
Fosfomycin
Fosinopril
Fosphenytoin Injection
Fostamatinib
Fostemsavir
Frovatriptan
Fulvestrant Injection
Furosemide Injection
Furosemide
Gabapentin
Galantamine
Ganaxolone
Ganciclovir Injection
Ganciclovir
Gatifloxacin Ophthalmic
Gefitinib
Gemcitabine Injection
Gemfibrozil
Gemifloxacin
Glipizide
Glucagon Injection
Glucagon Nasal Powder
Glucarpidase
Glyburide
Glycopyrrolate
Glycopyrronium Topical
Golimumab Injection
Goserelin Implant
Granisetron Injection
Griseofulvin
Guaifenesin
Guanfacine
Haloperidol
Heparin Injection
Hepatitis A Vaccine
Hepatitis B Vaccine
Human Insulin Injection
Hydralazine
Hydrochlorothiazide
Hydrocodone
Hydrocortisone Injection
Hydrocortisone
Hydromorphone Injection
Hydromorphone Rectal
Hydromorphone
Hydroxychloroquine
Hydroxyurea
Hydroxyzine
Ibandronate
Ibrexafungerp
Ibritumomab Injection
Ibrutinib
Ibuprofen
Idarubicin
Ifosfamide Injection
Iloperidone
Iloprost
Imatinib
Imipenem
Imipramine
Imiquimod Topical
Indapamide
Indinavir
Indomethacin Rectal
Indomethacin
Infigratinib
Influenza Vaccine
Ingenol Mebutate Topical
Ipratropium Nasal Spray
Irbesartan
Irinotecan Injection
Iron Dextran Injection
Iron Supplements
Isatuximab-irfc Injection
Isavuconazonium Injection
Isavuconazonium
Isocarboxazid
Isoetharine Oral Inhalation
Isoniazid
Isosorbide
Isotretinoin
Isoxsuprine
Isradipine
Istradefylline
Itraconazole
Ivabradine
Ivermectin Topical
Ivermectin
Ivosidenib
Ixazomib
Ketoconazole Topical
Ketoprofen
Ketorolac Injection
Ketorolac Nasal Spray
Ketorolac Ophthalmic
Ketorolac
Labetalol
Lactulose
Lansoprazole
Lanthanum
Lapatinib
Lasmiditan
Lefamulin
Leflunomide
Lemborexant
Lenalidomide
Letermovir Injection
Letermovir
Letrozole
Leucovorin Injection
Leucovorin
Leuprolide Injection
Levetiracetam
Levobunolol Ophthalmic
Levocetirizine
Levodopa and Carbidopa
Levoketoconazole
Levoleucovorin Injection
Levomilnacipran
Levorphanol
Levothyroxine
L-glutamine
Lidocaine Viscous
Linagliptin
Lindane
Linezolid
Liothyronine
Liotrix
Lisinopril
Lithium
Loratadine
Lorcaserin
Lorlatinib
Losartan
Loteprednol Ophthalmic
Lovastatin
Loxapine
Lubiprostone
Luliconazole Topical
Lumateperone
Lurasidone
Lurbinectedin Injection
Lusutrombopag
Macitentan
Magnesium Citrate
Magnesium Hydroxide
Magnesium Oxide
Maraviroc
Mavacamten
Mebendazole
Meclizine
Meclofenamate
Medroxyprogesterone
Mefenamic Acid
Mefloquine
Megestrol
Meloxicam Injection
Meloxicam
Mesalamine Rectal
Mesalamine
Mesna Injection
Mesna
Mesoridazine
Metaproterenol
Metaxalone
Metformin
Methimazole
Methsuximide
Metoclopramide
Metolazone
Metoprolol
Metronidazole Vaginal
Metronidazole
Mexiletine
Miconazole Topical
Midodrine
Miglitol
Milnacipran
Minocycline Topical
Minocycline
Minoxidil Topical
Minoxidil
Mipomersen Injection
Mirabegron
Mirtazapine
Misoprostol
Mitomycin
Mitotane
Molnupiravir
Mometasone Nasal Spray
Moxifloxacin
Mycophenolate
Nabilone
Nabumetone
Nadolol
Naldemedine
Naloxegol
Naloxone Injection
Naloxone Nasal Spray
Naltrexone Injection
Naltrexone
Naproxen
Naratriptan
Nateglinide
Nebivolol
Necitumumab Injection
Nedocromil Ophthalmic
Nefazodone
Nelarabine Injection
Nelfinavir
Neomycin Topical
Nepafenac Ophthalmic
Neratinib
Nicardipine
Nicotine Gum
Nicotine Nasal Spray
Nifedipine
Nilutamide
Niraparib
Nisoldipine
Nitazoxanide
Nystatin Topical
Nystatin
Obinutuzumab Injection
Ofloxacin
Orlistat
Orphenadrine
Oseltamivir
Osimertinib
Oxacillin Injection
Oxazepam
Oxcarbazepine
Oxymetazoline Topical
Oxytocin Injection
Panobinostat
Pantoprazole Injection
Pantoprazole
Papaverine
Paregoric
Paroxetine
Patiromer
Pazopanib
Penbutolol
Penciclovir Cream
Pentostatin Injection
Pentoxifylline
Peramivir Injection
Perampanel
Perindopril
Permethrin Topical
Perphenazine
Pertuzumab Injection
Phenazopyridine
Phenelzine
Phenobarbital
Phenoxybenzamine
Phentermine
Pimavanserin
Pimozide
Pioglitazone
Plecanatide
Plerixafor Injection
Ponatinib
Ponesimod
Posaconazole Injection
Potassium Iodide
Potassium
Praziquantel
Prazosin
Prednisolone Ophthalmic
Prednisolone
Prednisone
Pregabalin
Prucalopride
Pseudoephedrine
Psyllium
Pyrantel
Pyrazinamide
Rabeprazole
Rabies Vaccine
Raloxifene
Raltegravir
Ramelteon
Ramipril
Ramucirumab Injection
Reslizumab Injection
Retapamulin
Ribavirin
Rifabutin
Rifampin
Rifamycin
Rifapentine
Rifaximin
Rilonacept Injection
Rilpivirine
Riociguat
Ripretinib
Risedronate
Risperidone
Ritonavir
Roflumilast
Rolapitant
Romidepsin Injection
Romiplostim Injection
Rosiglitazone
Rosuvastatin
Rotavirus Vaccine
Rotigotine Transdermal Patch
Rucaparib
Rufinamide
Ruxolitinib
Salicylic Acid Topical
Salmeterol Oral Inhalation
Salsalate
Sapropterin
Saquinavir
Sarecycline
Sargramostim
Selenium Sulfide
Selpercatinib
Selumetinib
Semaglutide Injection
Semaglutide
Sertraline
Setmelanotide Injection
Sevelamer
Sildenafil
Silodosin
Siltuximab Injection
Silver Sulfadiazine
Simeprevir
Simethicone
Simvastatin
Sirolimus
Sofosbuvir
Solriamfetol
Somapacitan-beco Injection
Somatropin
Sonidegib
Sorafenib
Sotalol
Sotorasib
Spinosad Topical
Spironolactone
Stavudine
Stiripentol
Stool Softeners
Strontium-89 Chloride
Sulfinpyrazone
Sumatriptan Nasal
Sumatriptan
Sunitinib
Suvorexant
Tacrolimus Injection
Tacrolimus Topical
Tacrolimus
Tadalafil
Tafamidis
Tenapanor
Tenofovir
Tepotinib
Terazosin
Terbinafine
Terbutaline
Teriflunomide
Thalidomide
Theophylline
Thioridazine
Thiothixene
Thyroid
Tiagabine
Ticagrelor
Ticlopidine
Tigecycline Injection
Timolol
Tinidazole
Tiotropium Oral Inhalation
Tipranavir
Tolbutamide
Tolcapone
Topotecan Injection
Topotecan
Toremifene
Tramadol
Trazodone
Treprostinil Injection
Trimethadione
Trimethobenzamide
Trimethoprim
Trimipramine
Triptorelin Injection
Trospium
Tucatinib
Typhoid Vaccine
Ulipristal
Upadacitinib
Valbenazine
Valsartan
Vandetanib
Verapamil
Vibegron
Vortioxetine
Zanubrutinib
Zidovudine Injection
Ziprasidone
Zolpidem

PHARMACIST

Pharmacists dispense prescription medications to patients and offer expertise in the safe use of prescriptions. They also may conduct health and wellness screenings, provide immunizations, oversee the medications given to patients, and provide advice on healthy lifestyles. Pharmacists review the accuracy of each filled prescription before it is given to the customer, and check for dangerous drug interactions if filling multiple prescriptions for the same customer. Pharmacists may consult with a physician if they have questions concerning a patient's prescription.

Some pharmacists who own their pharmacy or manage a chain pharmacy spend time on business activities, such as inventory management. With most drugs, pharmacists use standard dosages from pharmaceutical companies. Clinical pharmacists work in hospitals, and are involved in direct patient care, sometimes going on rounds with a physician. They recommend medications to give to patients and oversee the dosage and delivery. They also may conduct some medical tests and offer advice to patients.

  • Fill prescriptions, verifying instructions from physicians on the proper amounts of medication to give to patients.
  • Check whether prescriptions will interact negatively with other drugs that a patient is taking or any medical conditions the patient has.
  • Instruct patients on how and when to take a prescribed medicine and inform them about potential side effects from taking the medicine.
  • Give flu shots and, in most states, other vaccinations.
  • Advise patients about general health topics, such as diet, exercise, and managing stress, and on other issues, such as what equipment or supplies would be best to treat a health problem.
  • Complete insurance forms and work with insurance companies to ensure that patients get the medicines they need.
  • Oversee the work of pharmacy technicians and pharmacists in training (interns).
  • Keep records and do other administrative tasks.
  • Teach other healthcare practitioners about proper medication therapies for patients.

PHARMACY TECH

Pharmacy technicians work under the supervision of licensed pharmacist, who must review prescriptions before they are given to patients. Pharmacy technicians help pharmacists dispense prescription medication to customers or health professionals. In most states, technicians can compound or mix some medications and call physicians for prescription refill authorizations.

Technicians also may need to operate automated dispensing equipment when filling prescription orders. Pharmacy technicians working in hospitals and other medical facilities prepare a greater variety of medications, such as intravenous medications. They may make rounds in the hospital, giving medications to patients.

  • Collect information needed to fill a prescription from customers or health professionals.
  • Measure amounts of medication for prescriptions.
  • Package and label prescriptions.
  • Organize inventory and alert pharmacists to any shortages of medications or supplies.
  • Accept payment for prescriptions and process insurance claims.
  • Enter customer or patient information, including any prescriptions taken, into a computer system.
  • Answer phone calls from customers.
  • Arrange for customers to speak with pharmacists if customers have questions about medications or health matters.

EDUCATION

Pharmacists must have a Doctor of Pharmacy (Pharm.D.) degree from an accredited pharmacy program. They must also be licensed, which requires passing licensure exams. In August 2017, there were 128 Doctor of Pharmacy programs fully accredited by the Accreditation Council for Pharmacy Education (ACPE). Most programs also require applicants to take the Pharmacy College Admissions Test (PCAT).

Pharm.D. programs usually take 4 years to finish, although some programs offer a 3-year option. Some schools admit high school graduates into a 6-year program. A Pharm.D. program includes courses in chemistry, pharmacology, and medical ethics. Students also complete supervised internships in different settings such as hospitals and retail pharmacies. Following graduation from a Pharm.D. program, pharmacists seeking an advanced position, such as clinical pharmacy or research jobs, may need to complete a residency. Pharmacists who choose to complete the 2-year residency option receive additional training in a specialty area such as internal medicine or geriatric care.

Most pharmacy techs enter the occupation after completing postsecondary education programs in pharmacy technology. These programs are usually offered by vocational schools or community colleges, and award a certificate after 1 year or less, although some programs last longer and lead to an associate's degree. They cover a variety of subjects, such as arithmetic used in pharmacies, recordkeeping, ways of dispensing medications, and pharmacy law and medical ethics. Technicians also learn the names, uses, and doses of medications.

Programs also include clinical experience opportunities, in which students gain hands-on experience in a pharmacy. The American Society of Health-System Pharmacists (ASHP) accredits pharmacy technician programs that include at least 600 hours of instruction over a minimum of 15 weeks. In 2017, there were 309 fully accredited programs, including a few in retail drugstore chains.

CERTIFICATION

All states license pharmacists. After they finish the pharmcy program, prospective pharmacists must pass two exams to get a license. The North American Pharmacist Licensure Exam (NAPLEX) tests pharmacy skills and knowledge. The Multistate Pharmacy Jurisprudence Exam (MPJE) or a state-specific test on pharmacy law is also required. Applicants also must complete a number of hours as an intern, which varies by state.

Pharmacists also may choose to earn a certification to show their advanced level of knowledge in a certain area. For instance, a pharmacist may become a Certified Diabetes Educator, a qualification offered by the National Certification Board for Diabetes Educators, or earn certification in a specialty area, such as nutrition or oncology, from the Board of Pharmacy Specialties.

Some states and employers require pharmacy technicians to be certified. Even where it is not required, certification may make it easier to get a job. Moreover, many hospitals and private employers will pay for their employees to take the state certification exam. Most states regulate pharmacy technicians in some way. Consult the state board of pharmacy in the state you will be working in for particular regulations and certification requirements.

Two organizations offer certification. The Pharmacy Technician Certification Board (PTCB) certification requires a high school diploma and the passing of an exam. Applicants for the National Healthcareer Association (NHA) certification must be at least 18 years old, have a high school diploma, and have completed a training program or have 1 year of work experience. Technicians must recertify every 2 years by completing 20 hours of continuing education courses.

QUALITIES FOR SUCCESS

Ask yourself if you can see yourself working in a pharmacy, having daily contact with patients who may be elderly or ill. Other patients may have physical or emotional disabilities, which can be challenging. Pharmacists and techs must relate well with other people. While classes and internships will prepare you well, certain innate qualities that you bring to bear will help you succeed.


Qualities for Success
Serious health problems can result from mistakes in filling prescriptions. Although the pharmacist is responsible for ensuring the safety of all medications dispensed, pharmacy technicians should pay attention to detail so that complications are avoided.
Pharmacy technicians must communicate clearly with pharmacists and doctors when taking prescription orders.
Pharmacy technicians need to have an understanding of the math concepts used in pharmacies when compounding medications.
Working as a pharmacy technician involves balancing a variety of responsibilities. Pharmacy technicians need good organizational skills to complete the work delegated by pharmacists while at the same time providing service to customers or patients.
When speaking with customers, technicians must listen carefully to understand customers' needs and determine if they need to speak with a pharmacist.

Pharmacology


Pharmacology study tips for nursing students and medical students: This video discusses how to study for pharmacology in nursing school and gives study strategy tips and tricks on how to pass pharmacology.

Fluid and Electrolytes


-Fluid and electrolyte normal values range balance
-Signs and symptoms of fluid and electrolyte imbalances
-Causes of fluid and electrolyte imbalances
-Fluid and electrolytes mnemonics (memorization tricks)
-Includes all 6 fluid and electrolytes (calcium, magnesium, phosphate, potassium, sodium, and chloride)

Medication Labels


Nurse Sarah explains how to read a medication label by giving some examples of different types of labels you might encounter as a nurse or nursing student. Brand name medications vs generic names, Medication administration, Dosage strength, Medication lot number, NDC number.

Blood Sugar (Glucose) Level


Checking blood sugar (glucose) using a glucometer device (glucose meter). Learn how to use true result blood glucose meter by taking your blood glucose. As a new diabetic or nursing student,you must learn the skill of using a lancet to obtain a blood sugar.

JOB OUTLOOK

Pharmacies may be open at all hours. Therefore, pharmacy technicians may have to work nights or weekends. Employment of pharmacy technicians is projected to grow 12 percent over the coming 10 years, faster than the average for all healthcare occupations. Several factors will lead to an increased demand for prescription medications. First, the general population is aging. Second, higher rates of chronic diseases such as diabetes will compound the demand. Finally, advances in pharmaceutical research will result in newer prescription medications to be used to fight diseases.


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